Should Christians Live by the 10 Commandments?

Should Christians follow the 10 commandments? Law vs grace. Are Christians under law?

How do you know what is right or wrong if you completely ignore the Ten Commandments? For what reason don’t you commit adultery? For what reason don’t you covet? For what reason do you not take the Lord’s name in vain?

Anonymous

The Ten Commandments are part of the Mosaic Law, which was given to the Jews, for the Jews. I’ve never been a Jew, so they do not apply to me. They have never applied to anyone but ancient Israelites, period.

When it comes to how God wants us to live, He is not inconsistent. The Mosaic Law is both an expression of His character and a plan that leads to the Messiah, Jesus Christ. Now that Jesus has come, the Holy Spirit – who is God Himself – indwells each believer. Everything that God leads me to do (or doesn’t chastise me for) fits in with His character. There is some overlap between the Mosaic Law and the way He leads a gentile (non-Jew), but the written Law no longer applies. I don’t covet…not because God wrote it down for the Jews a long time ago, because He leads me at every moment to not covet. I don’t cheat on my wife…not because the law forbids it, but because I made a commitment to be faithful to her. Were I tempted to cheat, God would correct me. Even though not committing adultery is written in the Law, my decision to be faithful has nothing to do with the Law. Both the Mosaic Law and the leading of the Holy Spirit are expressions of God’s character, but only one of them applies to me.

There’s a big difference between living according to Judaism and living as a Christian. This contrast is promised in the Old Testament, and found all over the New Testament. Here’s an example:

Now if the ministry that brought death, which was engraved in letters on stone, came with glory, so that the Israelites could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of its glory, transitory though it was, will not the ministry of the Spirit be even more glorious? If the ministry that brought condemnation was glorious, how much more glorious is the ministry that brings righteousness! For what was glorious has no glory now in comparison with the surpassing glory. And if what was transitory came with glory, how much greater is the glory of that which lasts! (2 Corinthians 3:7-11)

Do you see how Paul describes the Law? It brought death, was engraved on stone, came with glory, was transitory (temporary) and has no glory when compared with the New Covenant. Then see how Paul describes how Christians are to live: the ministry of the Spirit is more glorious, brings righteousness, and lasts (or “remains”). The Law fulfilled its purpose, and it is no longer needed.

Another reason to not live by the Ten Commandments is that they are insufficient. There might be an occasion for me to do something that’s perfectly acceptable under the Law…but if God doesn’t think it’s a good idea for me, it becomes sin for me. In such cases the Law is useless, but being corrected by the Holy Spirit is more than enough. So, I’ll say it again: I don’t follow the Mosaic Law because it never applied to me, and what I have is far, far better than the Law.

As a young child, my moral compass was my family. When I trusted God with my life, the Holy Spirit became my moral compass. He convicts me of sin, leads me into all the righteousness I can stand, and directs me whether I listen to Him or not. Now, many people don’t like that answer. Apparently they think it gives me too much leeway, and that I need some actual rules to live by. I disagree. I find it much easier to flout the rules than to ignore the prompting of God. He is all I need for moral guidance.

Of course, I don’t completely ignore the Law…I use it as a historical reference. It tells me a lot about God. I just don’t use it as a guideline to live by.