The Books of the Bible by Author

HomeChristianity and the BibleThe Books of the Bible by Author

Authorship

Religious Jews and Christians consider God to be the ultimate author of Scripture, using humans to communicate His message. There are many questions about the human authorship of the books of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. This list is not meant to settle the issue, but to provide a list of the commonly-accepted authors for each book. There will always be someone, somewhere, who expresses doubts about virtually everything. This list is presumed to be accurate in a simplistic sense, based on the consensus of the best scholarship I could find. For the Old Testament, Jewish tradition is a primary source.

The Old Testament

Moses *

Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Job
some Psalms

Joshua *

Joshua

Samuel, Nathan the Prophet, Gad the Seer

Judges
Ruth
1st Samuel
2 Samuel

Jeremiah

1st Kings
2 Kings

Ezra

1st Chronicles
2nd Chronicles
Ezra

Nehemiah and Ezra

Nehemiah

Mordecai *

Esther

King David and Others *

Psalms

Solomon, Agur, and Lemuel

Proverbs

Solomon

Ecclesiastes
Song of Solomon

The rest of the Old Testament books were written by the named authors:

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

The New Testament

Matthew *

The Gospel of Matthew

John Mark *

The Gospel of Mark

Luke *

The Gospel of Luke
Acts

John *

The Gospel of John
1st John
2nd John
3rd John
Revelation

Paul *

Romans
1st Corinthians
2nd Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1st Thessalonians
2nd Thessalonians
1st Timothy
2nd Timothy
Titus
Philemon

Unknown *

Hebrews

James *

James

Peter

1st Peter
2nd Peter

Jude *

Jude

Notes, by Book

Genesis – Deuteronomy:
Moses’ authorship is assumed, but many assume that a number of different authors contributed to the final version. I can find no clear evidence to support this conclusion.

Deuteronomy:
Tradition assumes that the section detailing Moses’ death was added later by Joshua.

Joshua:
It’s assumed that the section detailing Joshua’s death was added later.

Esther:
It’s presumed that Esther was compiled from Mordecai’s personal notes after his death.

Psalms:
The psalms were written by David, Asaph, Ethan, Ezra, Heman, Moses, the sons of Korah, and unnamed others

Matthew:
Jesus’ disciple, also known as Levi

Mark:
John Mark was a ministry companion of the disciple Peter

Luke/Acts:
Luke was a ministry companion of the apostle Paul

John:
John was Jesus’ disciple, brother of James

Romans – Philemon:
Paul was also known as Saul of Tarsus

Hebrews:
Presumed to be written by Paul, possibly Luke, Barnabas, or Apollos

James:
James, also called Jacob, was the brother of Jesus and Jude

1st and 2nd Peter:
Peter was Jesus’ disciple, also known as Cephas, Simon, and Simon Peter

1st, 2nd, and 3rd John:
John was Jesus’ disciple, brother of James

Jude:
Jude wasn’t a disciple, but was the brother of Jesus and James

Revelation:
John was Jesus’ disciple, brother of James


Interact on TwitterInteract with me on Twitter!

Join the Conversation

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

^