The Books of the Bible by Author

HomeChristianity and the BibleThe Books of the Bible by Author

Authorship

Religious Jews and Christians consider God to be the ultimate author of Scripture, using humans to communicate His message. There are many questions about the human authorship of the books of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. This list is not meant to settle the issue, but to provide a list of the commonly-accepted authors for each book. There will always be someone, somewhere, who expresses doubts about virtually everything. This list is presumed to be accurate in a simplistic sense, based on the consensus of the best scholarship I could find.

Old Testament

Moses *
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Psalms
Joshua *
Joshua
Samuel, Nathan, and Gad
Judges
Ruth
1st Samuel
2nd Samuel
Jeremiah
1st Kings
2nd Kings
Ezra
1st Chronicles
2nd Chronicles
Ezra
Nehemiah and Ezra
Nehemiah
Mordecai *
Esther
Job
Job
King David and Others *
Psalms
Solomon, Agur, and Lemuel
Proverbs
Solomon
Ecclesiastes
Song of Solomon
The rest of the Old Testament books were written by the named author
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Ezekiel
Daniel
Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi

New Testament

Matthew *
The Gospel of Matthew
John Mark *
The Gospel of Mark
Luke *
The Gospel of Luke
Acts
John *
The Gospel of John
1st John
2nd John
3rd John
Revelation
Paul *
Romans
1st Corinthians
2nd Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1st Thessalonians
2nd Thessalonians
1st Timothy
2nd Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Unknown *
Hebrews
James *
James
Peter
1st Peter
2nd Peter
Jude *
Jude

Notes, by Book

Genesis – Deuteronomy:
Moses’ authorship is assumed, but many assume that a number of different authors contributed to the final version.

Deuteronomy:
Tradition assumes that the section detailing Moses’ death was added later by Joshua.

Joshua:
It’s assumed that the section detailing Joshua’s death was added later.

Esther:
It’s presumed that Esther was compiled from Mordecai’s personal notes after his death.

Psalms:
The psalms were written by David, Asaph, Ethan, Ezra, Heman, Moses, the sons of Korah, and unnamed others

Matthew:
Jesus’ disciple, also known as Levi

Mark:
John Mark was a ministry companion of the disciple Peter

Luke/Acts:
Luke was a ministry companion of the apostle Paul

John:
Jesus’ disciple, the brother of James

Romans – Philemon:
Paul was also known as Saul of Tarsus

Hebrews:
Presumed to be Paul, possibly Luke, Barnabas, or Apollos

James:
Also called Jacob, brother of Jesus and Jude

1st and 2nd Peter:
Jesus’ disciple, also known as Cephas, Simon, and Simon Peter

1st, 2nd, and 3rd John:
Jesus’ disciple, brother of James

Jude:
Not a disciple, but the brother of Jesus and James

Revelation:
Jesus’ disciple, brother of James


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