Articles about Apostles

The Greek word apostolos means ‘a messenger,’ or one sent forth with orders. The New Testament speaks of three groups of apostles: Jesus’ 12 disciples, those who saw Jesus after His resurrection, and a few others. What did they all have in common? They were either witnesses to Jesus’ ministry, or to His resurrection, or they were sent by those witnesses to preach the gospel.

Those who preach and teach something other than what Jesus taught are called “pseudo-apostles” by Paul.

Simon Peter was one of Jesus' first disciples. His given name was Simon, sometimes spelled Symeon. Simon is the English rendering of the Hebrew name Shimon. Shimon comes from the Hebrew word shema.

Let's look at Romans 16:7. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jews who have been in prison with me. They are outstanding among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was.